Bài kiểm tra năng lực 2

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BÀI KIỂM TRA NĂNG LỰC 2

Grammar

I. Choose the correct verb to complete the phrases.

1. Could you/ Did you manage to buy that DVD you wanted?

2. The motorway couldn't/ wasn't able to be seen from here before the trees were cut down.

3. Were they able to/ Could they pass yesterday's exam?

4. Are we able to / Can we consider the matter decided?

5. So far the girls haven't been able to/ couldn't get tickets for the concert.

6. These snakes are not dangerous and can/ are able to be kept as pets.

7. In the end Alex could/ managed to persuade us to go with him.

8. When Lily was in the team we were able to/ could win all our matches easily.

9. We were able to/ could send out two hundred orders yesterday.

10. Eating sugary foods can/ is able to be a cause of tooth decay.                                    

Mark _____/10

II. Write relative clauses using the words in brackets. Use which, that or no relative pronoun as appropriate.

1. The orange juice we had for breakfast, ____________ (be, freshly squeezed), was delicious.

2. The thing _________________ (surprise, me, most) was the low price.

3. The sign next to the lake, ________________ (I, not notice at first), said bathing was prohibited.

4. The goal ________________ (win, the match) was really cool!

5. I was told the rule _____________ (I, broke) was rather important.                                      

Mark _____/5

III. Complete the sentence with participle forms, using the words in brackets.

1. Local police may fine pedestrians ________________ (not obey the lights).

2. Luggage ____________________ (not require, on the journey) should be left on the racks outside.

3. All vegetables ____________________ (sell, in the shop) are home-grown.

4. Students ____________________ (copy, from others) will automatically fail the exam.

5. Travelers should note that ________ (any items, leave unattended) will be removed.  

Mark _____/5

Vocabulary

IV. Complete the text with appropriate words to make compounds and collocations.

Our primary sources of energy are drilling for (1) __________ gas and oil and (2) _________ coal. There are also resources which provide (3) __________ energy, such as wood, (4) _________ energy from the sun or (5) ________ energy from the rise and fall of sea water. Instead of relying solely on (6) __________ fuels, which create CO2 (7) __________ that even with modern technology are difficult and expensive to deal with, it would be more environmentally friendly to create new natural energy sources, for example by (8) __________ wind (9) __________ or solar (10) __________ on  roofs.                                                      

Mark _____/10

V. Complete each sentence with a prefixed word with the same meaning as the phrase in brackets.

1. Many businesses were set up in Eastern Europe in the ___________ era. (after communism)

2. We ___________ the kitchen last year. (decorate again)

3. I must have ___________ the instructions for this printer. I've tried to print a page but it's not working. (not read correctly)

4. I'm doing a lot of _______________ at the moment because I need to save money for a new guitar. (time in addition to normal working hours)

5. William must earn good money since he works for a successful ________ pound business. (worth many millions)                                                                                                                                    

Mark _____/5

VI. Choose the correct words to complete the sentences.

1. Surprisingly, no one was wounded/ damaged/ injured in the plane crash.

2. Your white sauce is full of lumps/ flakes/ specks of flour.

3. It wouldn't damage/ hurt/ wound you to call your mother every now and then!

4. You can see small flakes/ particles/ chunks of dust in the air when the sun shines in a room.

5. Toxic waste that leaks into rivers and seas hurts/ wounds/ harms fish and other marine life.

Mark _____/5

Use of English

VII. Complete the sentences with one word in each space.

1. People thought that Claire wouldn’t be _______ to complete the course, but she succeeded _______ passing all the exams.

2. Jerry, _______ father and grandfather both worked underground, has started work at a coal _______ in Cumbria.

3. Cars produce exhaust _______ and use _______ fossil fuels.

4. In the future, we won’t be able to rely on oil and gas, fuels_______ may run______ during our lifetimes.

5. My sister worked in a school _______ the children were always _______ behaving and being rude to their teacher.                                                                                                                                        

Mark ____/10

Reading

VIII. Read the following text and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).

Wind energy: yes or no?

           Recent political debates and press articles have outlined the positives and negatives of onshore and offshore wind farms, comparing wind power to other low-carbon energy sources, and fossil fuels. The question is whether we should continue investing in wind energy production; rely on other renewable sources, such as solar, wave, tidal or hydroelectric power; or stick to the already overused non-renewable resources, such as natural gas, shale gas, oil and coal.

          Onshore wind energy is generated by wind turbines located on land, whilst offshore energy is produced by turbines located out at sea, or on bodies of fresh water such as lakes. Both turbine types generate electricity by using the energy of the moving air. They already play an important role in generating renewable electricity in the UK, providing over a quarter of the renewable electricity produced. The government estimates that this production reduces CO2 emissions by six million tonnes annually, which amounts to a considerable reduction in greenhouse gas production. Onshore wind turbines are also one of the most affordable renewable energy sources, costing half as much as offshore wind farms, and a quarter as much as it costs to install solar panels. Another pro is the fact that it is slightly cheaper to generate electricity using the wind than a nuclear power station, and, of course, it does not produce dangerous waste that has to be disposed of. Fossil fuel based energy sources are cheaper than wind power at the moment, but this is expected to change in years to come, with technological advances occurring constantly.

          The main criticism of wind farms is that they only produce electricity when there is sufficient wind, and at those times when the wind force is insufficient, fossil fuels have to be used as a backup. Another problem is the visual impact they have on the landscape. They are spread over large areas of land compared to other energy sources, for instance nuclear power stations, and a large number of people find them unsightly, or even noisy if they live nearby. Environmentalists also argue that the turbines have a negative impact on wildlife, particularly on various bird species, as birds are often injured when they fly into the turbines. However, the harm caused by wind turbines is minimal compared to that caused by, for example, toxic waste produced during coal mining or oil drilling.

          We need to find the right balance between creating and using more affordable electricity and protecting our environment. The best option will probably remain a combination of onshore and offshore wind power, together with other renewable energies and fossil fuel-based energies.

 

Statements

T/F

1.

Onshore and offshore power production are similar in how much they cost.

______

2.

According to the article, energy from fossil fuels is cheaper than that produced by wind power.

______

3.

The disadvantage of wind turbines is that they do not supply energy consistently.

______

4.

Environmentally-minded people have objections to wind turbines as they are harmful to animals.

______

5.

The author of the article is generally against using wind power, as it has many disadvantages.                                                                                                         

Mark _____/5

______

               ___________THE END___________                                    

                                           

 


 
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